Data and Studies

2021

Pew Research Center

“This survey asked Americans for their views … a majority (62%) say the most appropriate way to describe ride-hailing drivers is as independent contractors providing a service on behalf of the apps or websites. Smaller shares (35%) say these drivers are best described as employees who work directly for these platforms.

“… Gig platform workers’ self-perceptions follow a similar pattern – 65% see themselves as independent contractors, while 28% view themselves as employees. 

GrowTal/Opinium

72% of women freelancers and 64% of men freelancers surveyed say their overall mental wellbeing has improved since freelancing

50% of freelancers surveyed say they voluntarily quit their job to pursue freelance work

More than three in five (62%) agree that freelance was a personal decision, and the government shouldn’t classify them as an employee

Mercatus Center at George Mason University

“Our research has several implications regarding policies that attempt to reclassify independent contractors as employees. First and foremost, if independent work extends opportunities for women who would otherwise be unable to take on employment, then such legal challenges could disproportionately affect women’s labor force participation.”

Gallup (released in 2020)

“Self-employed workers with only one job — as opposed to those juggling multiple jobs — rate their work situation higher than workers in one traditional full-time job as an employee.”

Upwork (2020)

“3 in 5 freelancers say they make the same or more than they’d make working for a traditional employer.”

47% view freelancing as a long-term career

60% of freelancers say there is no amount of money that would convince them to take a traditional job

MBO Partners

“One in 11 Americans say they want to go independent, signaling this is the new American dream.”

“Among full-time independents, the proportion saying they won’t go back to a traditional job was 61 percent in 2020, up from 53 percent in 2019.”

“Between 2011 and 2020, the proportion of independent workers saying they feel more secure working independently has soared, rising virtually every year. It started at 32 percent in 2011 and more than grew significantly to 56 percent in 2020.”

“Skilled professionals are one of the fastest-growing segments of the independent workforce, with their numbers rising in each of the past ten years. In 2011, there were 4.5 million skilled independents and in 2020 there are 7.7 million, representing a 71 percent increase.”

Upwork (2022)

“The Great Resignation isn’t just about workers moving from one full-time job to another; 20%, or 10 million Americans, are considering freelancing. Among those, 73% cite the ability to work remote or flexibly as a reason why.”

The 10 million people considering freelancing would represent “a significant 17 percent increase in the total freelance workforce.”

“38% indicate what they value most about remote work is a more flexible schedule. The next most valued thing was more personal time, followed by 15% who say the lack of commute.”

MBO Partners (2021)

There are now 51.1 million independent contractors in the United States

55% of new contractors in 2021 were female. 68% were GenZ or millennials.

Two out of three independent contractors believe they are more secure than traditional workers.

87% say they are happier, and 78% say they are healthier, working independently

MITSloan Management Review/Deloitte

82% of part-time freelance contractors and 76% of full-time freelance contractors consider themselves to be free agents. Not employees.

U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy

The self-employed have a higher median net worth than others. It is more than four times that of families of workers, and twice as high as families of retirees.

Stoke

“More than 90% of hiring managers see working with independent contractors as important to meeting their business goals.”

“In volatile and unpredictable business landscapes, company leaders understand the necessity of building an agile workforce. Freelance talent plays a significant role in this goal already, and their importance will only rise.”

Upwork (2021)

“Overall, the percent freelancing in 2021 remained constant at 36% of the U.S. workforce, but the past year ushered in a shift in the type of freelance work being done. This year, we found that there was a drop in temporary workers, but an increase in skilled freelancing.”

“The higher skilled nature of freelancing is clear in 51% of post-grad workers doing freelancing, up 6% since 2020, while the share of high school graduates or less freelancing has declined from 37% in 2020 to 31% this year.”

“53% of all freelancers provided skilled services such as computer programming, marketing, IT, and business consulting in 2021, up from 50% in 2020.”


“51% of workers with postgraduate degrees are freelancers, up 6% since 2020.”

“44% of freelancers say they earn more freelancing than with a traditional job in 2021, this is up from 39% in 2020 and 32% in 2019”

ADP Research

“More than 70% of 1099-M gig workers say they are working independently by their own choice, not because they can’t find a ‘traditional’ job. Most seem happy with gig work and place a premium on flexibility as a driving motivation behind their decision, over financial security or benefits.”

Contently

“Lawmakers may view freelancing as a last resort, but 75 percent of respondents chose to freelance because they prefer it to full-time work. Additionally, a little more than half of freelancers said they have access to more professional opportunities than they would as full-timers.”

2019

IRS/US Treasury

“The largest share of workers with independent contractor income are those in the top quartile of earnings.”

FreshBooks Cloud Accounting

73% of self-employed women say they have a better work-life balance; 68% of self-employed women earn the same or more money than in a traditional job; 59% of self-employed women say they have less stress; 57% of self-employed women say they’re healthier.

MBO Partners

“More than half of full-time independent workers say they feel more financially secure as independents than in traditional jobs, a record high. Seven in 10 full-time independents say they plan to continue their current path.”

2018

US Bureau of Labor Statistics

“79 percent of independent contractors preferred their arrangement over a traditional job”

2017

US Treasury Department Office of Tax Analysis

“Some media suggest that the gig economy is a large and growing segment of the U.S. labor market, revealing a marked shift in the nature of work relationships. However, there is little empirical evidence that this is the case. The few studies that have tried to infer the size of [the] gig economy consistently find this segment of the workforce is quite small.””

2016

McKinsey and Company

“Those who do independent work by choice (free agents and casual earners) report greater satisfaction with their work lives than those who do it out of necessity (the reluctants and the financially strapped). This finding holds across countries, ages, income brackets, and education levels. Free agents reported higher levels of satisfaction in multiple dimensions of their work lives than those holding traditional jobs by choice, indicating that many people value the nonmonetary aspects of working on their own terms.”

2015

US Government Accountability Office

“More than 85 percent of independent contractors and the self-employed appeared content with their employment type”

We are FIGHT FOR FREELANCERS USA, a nonpartisan, grassroots coalition of independent contractors who oppose the use of the ABC Test in federal lawJoin Us.